With the recent escalation of armed conflicts in countries like Iraq and Syria, many seek to escape the war-torn areas in search of safety and freedom. The freedom of religion and political opinion that is greatly cherished here in America, is the cause of violence and turmoil amongst the Muslim nations in the Middle East. In both Iraq and Syria, the ongoing tension and division between the Sunni and Shiite’s has many seeking refuge.
According to the Council on Foreign Relations, the ancient religious divide is helping fuel a resurgence of conflicts and the struggle between Sunni and Shiite forces have fed a Syrian civil war and spurred violence that is fracturing Iraq. This violence includes kidnapping, torture, rape and executions of civilians.
In a recently released report by Amnesty International, which covers human rights violations, it was revealed that Iraqi people are not only suffering from atrocities committed by ISIS militants but also from the armed government-backed Shiite militants. The report claims that the Iraqi government is responsible for the attacks on the civilians since the Shiite militias that target Sunni Iraqis, do so in response to the ISIS attacks. As a result, the ongoing cycle leaves the Shiite civilians targeted by ISIS, whereas the Sunni Muslim’s in Iraq are trapped between the Shiite Militia, the government and ISIS militants who attack anyone that opposes them (including the Sunnis).